Soil

Background Soils are essential ecosystems that deliver valuable services such as food production, energy and raw materials, carbon sequestration, water purification...

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Waste

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Water

Background On 22 December 2000, the EU's Water Framework Directive (WFD) entered into force. The directive‘s objective is to protect and enhance freshwater...

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Ambient Air

Background The Ambient Air Quality Directives (AAQ) define common methods to monitor, assess and inform on ambient air quality in the European Union, and establish...

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Biodiversity & Ecosystems

Background Biodiversity reflects the number, variety and variability of living organisms and how these change from one location to another. Biodiversity in its...

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Industrial Emissions Directive

Background Directive 2010/75/EU on Industrial Emissions (IED) is the main EU instrument regulating pollutant emissions from industrial installations to achieve a high...

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